> Severe cervical dysplasia
Severe cervical dysplasia
Severe cervical dysplasia is a dangerous condition which is very likely to progress into cancer. Health care providers use the term cervical dysplasia to describe the presence of abnormal cells in the cervical epithelium. Cervical dysplasia has three stages: mild, moderate and severe. Severe dysplasia is diagnosed if cellular abnormalities affect the entire epithelial layer. If abnormal cells spread beyond the cervical epithelium, it means that the patient has an invasive cervical cancer which often leads to death.
Severe forms of dysplasia may develop from mild and moderate dysplasias within several years. There are a lot of risk factors of severe cervical dysplasia, including a high number of deliveries, history of sexually transmitted infections, having multiple sex partners, smoking, suppressed immune system, and the first intercourse at an early age. It is estimated that cervical dysplasia and cervical cancer has a very close association with human papilloma virus and herpes simplex virus infections.
The development of severe cervical dysplasia can be prevented if dysplastic lesions on the cervix are detected early. Women should undergo regular check-ups, and it is also recommended to have Pap smear on a yearly basis. This test has been found to be very effective in diagnosing early abnormal changes on the cervix. Nowadays Pap smear plays the most important role in cervical cancer prevention programs which have helped to significantly decrease the prevalence of cervical pathologies, especially in developed countries.
Severe cervical dysplasia can be diagnosed based on the results of colposcopy and biopsy. These diagnostic methods accurately allow the evaluation of any lesions present. Colposcopy, visual examination of the cervix under a special microscope, is usually prescribed when Pap smear test shows the presence of abnormal cells on the cervix. Biopsy includes taking a small tissue sample for histological analysis. It is usually done during colposcopy.
The diagnosis of severe cervical dysplasia is almost always the indication for surgical removal of the lesions. If severe lesions are not removed, the risk of cancer is greater. The cases when severe dysplasia could regress without surgery are not numerous. Severe lesions can be treated with a natural remedy or by different surgical procedures, including cone biopsy, electrosurgical excision, laser therapy, and cryotherapy. After the surgery for severe cervical dysplasia patients require a close medical follow-up because there is some risk of recurrence.
https://youtu.be/hsaM-ap0I6c, Severe Dysplasia