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Other Topics: HPV Infection, HPV in Man, HPV Picture, High Risk HPV, HPV Infection in Man, Human Papilloma Virus, Human Papillomavirus Picture, Mild Cervical Dysplasia, Pap Smear Information, Genital Wart Contagious

HSR Research > Human papilloma virus

Human papilloma virus

Human papilloma virus, the cause of genital warts, resides in the epithelial cells and it may manifest itself on the skin and mucosa. This virus is easily transmitted, and sexual contact is not the only way of transmission. It can be spread through any skin-to-skin contact. It is almost impossible to find out when or how the person contracted this virus, because it may remain inactive for a long period of time and not cause any symptoms. 

A frequent cause of viral attack is the immune system weakness. If the immune defense is strong enough, human papilloma virus is under control and its activity is suppressed. If you don’t smoke and avoid risky sexual behavior, the probability of HPV-related diseases is very low. However, even if you don’t have any visible symptoms, there are no guaranties that you’re not infected. If the virus has infected your body, it is possible that you will become a life-long carrier. 

Human papilloma virus penetrates the cell and integrates into the cell’s DNA. The infected cell may undergo some changes and use its own resources to reproduce new viral particles. There is no treatment yet that could help to eliminate the virus inside the cell. Surgery may help remove obviously virus-affected cells, but detecting and destroying all infected cells is unrealizable since some viral changes are invisible even under the microscope. That is why it is virtually impossible to get rid of the virus without the help of the immune system. Only external manifestations of the infection can be easily treated or relieved. 

The most common diseases induced by human papilloma virus are condylomas (genital warts), papillomas (common warts that occur on different parts of the body) and cervical dysplasia (abnormal cell growth on the cervix). Cervical dysplasia is a precursor of cervical cancer, one of the most widespread malignant tumors among women. Certain types of human papilloma virus are detected in almost all cases of cervical cancer. An early detection of HPV-related conditions in women is considered to be very important as it gives more chances to prevent the development of cervical cancer.

The diagnosis of human papilloma virus infection may use different methods. The presence of warts may be revealed by visual examination. The detection of asymptomatic human papilloma infection may require cytological or histological analysis. New DNA detection techniques enable health care providers not only to determine if human papilloma virus is present, but also to identify its type and evaluate the risk for cervical cancer.

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Cervical Dysplasia
Genital Warts
Plantar Warts
Genital Herpes
Oral Herpes
Other Conditions

Dr. Joe Glickman, Jr., M.D.

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