HPV statistics involve data on different aspects related to HPV infection. Since this infection is a very important problem for public health care, a lot of studies devoted to HPV have been conducted. The results of these studies show the prevalence and incidence of HPV infection and HPV-related diseases, the efficacy of different treatment methods, the costs of screening, prevention measures and treatment.
Since HPV is a very contagious virus, HPV statistics continue to grow every day. HPV is a virus that persists and reproduces itself in the skin and mucosal membranes. The transmission of the infection occurs through direct contact with an infected area. Since HPV infection may develop in any part of the body, HPV-associated lesions are detected on the hands, feet, face, genital organs, etc. Most often HPV infection is not accompanied by visible symptoms and infected people spread the infection unknowingly.
According to HPV statistics, half of sexually active people acquire HPV infection at some point in their lives. Annually millions of people are infected by HPV. The most common HPV-related diseases are warts, including plantar, flat and genital warts, and cervical dysplasia. Genital HPV infection is one of the most frequent sexually transmitted infections in the world. It is especially dangerous for women as there is a very close association between genital HPV infection and cervical cancer: about 95% of all cervical cancers are directly linked to HPV.
There are a lot of treatments for HPV-induced diseases, and they are very effective to remove external lesions caused by the virus. However, HPV statistics show that the recurrence rates of these lesions are relatively high because it is virtually impossible to totally eliminate the virus in the body unless the immune response is adequately triggered. If the virus remains in the body, it is able to cause new lesions.
Preventative measures against HPV infection are focused on eliminating or reducing the risk factors that may lead to exposure to HPV or to the development of related conditions. These factors include risky sexual behavior, weakness of the immune system and absence of regular medical check-ups. Studies in HPV statistics suggest that women who avoid having sexual contacts with multiple partners, practice safer sex, lead a healthy lifestyle and undergo regular pelvic exams are less likely to develop HPV-related health problems.