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Other Topics: HPV Picture, HPV Picture Symptom Wart, HPV Test, Does HPV Go Away?, Side Effects HPV Vaccine, Human Papillomavirus HPV, Human Papilloma Virus Cure, High Grade Cervical Dysplasia, Pregnancy and Pap Smear, Genital Wart Image

HSR Research > Cervical dysplasia

Cervical dysplasia

The term cervical dysplasia means an abnormal state of epithelial tissue covering the cervix. Nowadays there may be used other terms to describe this condition, like cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL). Cervical dysplasia is considered to be a precancerous disease since the progression of dysplastic lesions may lead to invasive cancer of the cervix. It is estimated that carcinogenesis in the cervical epithelium may take from 2 to 10 years, but an appropriate treatment of cervical dysplasia helps to prevent the development of a malignant tumor. 

The underlying causes of cervical dysplasia are different. This condition may be related to hormonal imbalance, weak immune system, and history of sexually transmitted infection. Very often cervical dysplasia is caused by infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), especially with high risk HPV types, like HPV 16 and HPV 18. A high number of deliveries, multiple sexual partners, the first intercourse before the age of 16 years old, and smoking increase the risk of cervical dysplasia. 

The main problem of cervical dysplasia is that women with this condition rarely develop visible symptoms. It is possible to diagnose it only through gynecological exam. Abnormal changes in cervical cells may be detected by cytological analysis which is accomplished during a test called a Pap smear. For these reasons, the primary way to prevent cervical dysplasia and, consequently, cervical cancer is to have regular pelvic exams with Pap smear tests. It is recommended to undergo pelvic exam at least once a year. 

Besides cytological analysis, the diagnosis of cervical dysplasia may require a colposcopy and a biopsy. Colposcopy is a visual inspection of cervix and vagina with a lighted magnifying instrument. During colposcopy it may be necessary to apply acetic acid or iodine solution to highlight suspected dysplastic lesions. During biopsy the doctor takes a small piece of cervical tissue for histological examination which helps to better evaluate the size and depth of the lesions.

Depending on the amount of abnormal changes in the epithelial layer, cervical dysplasia is divided into three stages: mild, moderate and severe. Mild and moderate dysplasia may be just monitored for some period of time. Severe dysplasia is the indication for a surgical treatment. Surgical methods of cervical dysplasia treatment include laser therapy, cryotherapy, loop electrosurgical excision procedure and cold knife conisation.

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HPV
Cervical Dysplasia
Genital Warts
Plantar Warts
Genital Herpes
Oral Herpes
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Dr. Joe Glickman, Jr., M.D.

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