> Abnormal Pap smear and HPV
Abnormal Pap smear and HPV
Many scientific researchers confirm a close association between an abnormal pap smear and HPV (Human Papilloma Virus). HPV infection is very common among the sexually active population and it is related to different cutaneous and mucosal conditions. Some specific types of HPV affect genital organs, causing abnormal changes in the epithelial cells.
A Pap smear is one of the most commonly used tools to detect genital conditions in women. It helps to discover cytological changes caused by different factors, including HPV infection. The treatment for abnormal pap smear and HPV infection depends on the location of affected cells and degree of abnormality. It may vary from application of special creams or solutions to surgical removal of lesions.
Patients with abnormal pap smear and HPV infection often need to have additional tests like colposcopy or biopsy to determine the disease. HPV may be the cause of condylomas, vaginal and cervical dysplasia, and it can also lead to the development of cervical cancer. These conditions require a special treatment depending on the location and the severity of lesions. Only a specialist can determine an appropriate management for a patient with such problems.
People can get the information about abnormal pap smear and HPV on medical websites or from health care providers. Each woman should know how HPV is dangerous before the problem occurs. Moreover, it is important to be well-informed about the ways of STD prevention and regular screening of a woman’s health. Prevention is always better than treatment. If a disease occurs anyway, regular screening helps to detect it early and gives an opportunity to prevent the development of severe lesions.
Risk factors for abnormal pap smear and HPV infection include having multiple sexual partners, early age at first sexual intercourse, smoking, weakness of immune system, etc. To reduce the probability of genital tract diseases it is highly recommended to avoid risky sexual behavior, get regular medical exams and lead a healthy lifestyle.
Genital HPV infection is the main risk factor of cervical cancer. HPV may affect cervical cells and produce abnormal changes in them. If not discovered early and not treated, these changes develop and involve more and more cells, thus causing a cervical condition called dysplasia. After dysplasia, the next step in the development of cervical abnormality may be cancer. Women with a history of abnormal pap smear and HPV are at a higher risk of cervical cancer and require a closer follow-up.