> HPV and mild dysplasia
HPV and mild dysplasia
Women with HPV and mild dysplasia are at an increased risk for cervical cancer. HPV is a virus which is often transmitted through sexual intercourse and affects genital organs. In women HPV infection is frequently present on the cervix. HPV is able to trigger abnormal transformations in the cells which can be detected only under microscope. If abnormal cells are present in the cervical epithelial tissue, this condition is called cervical dysplasia. Cervical dysplasia is a precancerous disease since it can progress to cancer with time.
In patients with cervical dysplasia it is very important to determine the stage of the disease. There are three stages of cervical dysplasia: mild, moderate and severe. Mild dysplasia means that cellular abnormalities involve about one third of the epithelium. In case of moderate dysplasia half or two-thirds of the cervical epithelium is affected, and severe dysplasia signifies the involvement of the entire thickness of the epithelium. Patients having HPV and mild dysplasia are likely to develop more severe stages of dysplasia.
HPV infection is the essential risk factor for cervical cancer. Usually cervical cancer develops from cervical dysplasia within several years. It was found out that malignant lesions on the cervix appear in patients infected by HPV. Most severe dysplasias and virtually all cervical cancers are positive for HPV. Health care providers often recommend women with cervical abnormalities to undergo HPV testing because it helps to better assess the risk for development of cancer. If both HPV and mild dysplasia are diagnosed, the patient needs closer medical attention.
There are a lot of diagnostic methods to assess the state of cervical tissues and cells and realize testing for different infections. The most widely used test for cervical abnormalities is the Pap smear. With this test special cytological analysis of cells taken from the cervix and cervical canal are examined. If an abnormality is detected during this test, doctors may use other tests, like special blood and culture tests, DNA HPV tests, visual inspection of the cervix under the microscope and others. The cause of an abnormal Pap smear may be infection with HPV and mild dysplasia.
It is clear that the best way to decrease the incidence of cervical cancer is the prevention of this condition. That is why a lot of attention is devoted to cervical cancer prevention programs. Early screening of cervical cancer includes Pap smears and HPV testing. Cancer may be prevented, if precancerous lesions are detected and treated early. It is very important that patients with HPV and mild dysplasia get adequate treatment.